Religion is a system of beliefs, values and ethics. It is a complex topic to study because there are so many different religions in the world. It is also a controversial subject because of the influence that it can have on politics and culture.
One way to get an understanding of a religion is by reading their Holy Book. Most religions have books that contain all of their teachings and stories. Another way to understand a religion is by having a conversation with someone who practices that religion. This can give you a better idea of how they practice their religion and how they see the world around them.
It is important to note that not all scholars agree on what counts as religion. Some scholars, like Clifford Geertz, argue that a religion is a tool invented by certain people for their own purposes and then imposed on others. Others, like Karl Marx, believe that religion is a product of the social structure and not something that exists outside of it. Other scholars, like Emile Durkheim, argued that a religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices that has a clear social origin.
The word religion derives from the Latin religio, which means “scrupulousness”, “devotedness” or “felt obligation”. It refers to a person’s relation to that which is regarded as holy, sacred, absolute, spiritual, divine, or worthy of especial reverence. In most traditions, it includes beliefs about the afterlife, the transcendent, and the inherent worth of human beings and other living things.