A Model of Spirituality


Spirituality is a worldview and a way of life that suggests there is more to the universe than the physical world people experience through their senses, more to humans than just their bodies, and more to our lives than our daily needs. It may involve religious traditions centering on a belief in a higher form of intelligence or consciousness running the universe, or it can simply be a search for meaning, purpose and truth in one’s life.

Spirituality includes beliefs, values and ethics that are deeply meaningful to a person’s inner core, as well as the ways in which they externally manifest those beliefs and inner core with other people. Those aspects are often called spiritual beliefs and behaviors, while the search for deeper truths or meaning in life is considered a spiritual journey (Anandarajah and Hight, 2001).

The breadth of spirituality and the lack of clarity around definitions makes it difficult to study and understand, which hampers efforts to develop more consistent assessments and measurement tools. This article proposes a framework that will aid researchers and readers in understanding the different components of spirituality.

This model is based on the concept that creativity and spirituality are closely linked. Creativity and spirituality share many characteristics, such as transcendence, self-dedication and a sense of connectedness to something greater than the individual’s current situation or state. The model also reflects the relationship between creativity and spirituality and offers potential directions for future research in this area.